Individualism-Collectivism

@article{Schwartz1990IndividualismCollectivism,
  title={Individualism-Collectivism},
  author={Shalom H. Schwartz},
  journal={Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology},
  year={1990},
  volume={21},
  pages={139 - 157}
}
  • S. Schwartz
  • Published 1990
  • Sociology
  • Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Three criticisms of the individualism-collectivism dichotomy are explicated. The dichotomy leads one to overlook values that inherently serve both individual and collective interests (e.g., wisdom), it ignores values that foster the goals of collectivities other than the ingroup (e.g., universal values, such as social justice), and it promotes the mistaken assumption that individualistic and collective values each form coherent syndromes that are in polar opposition. These problems are… Expand
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TLDR
It is argued that there is a conceptual confusion about the meaning of ingroups that constitute the target of collectivism, and a theoretical framework is proposed that draws on M. B. Brewer and G. Gardner's conceptualization of individual, relational, and collective selves and their manifestation in self-representations, beliefs, and values. Expand
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References

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The individualism and collectivism constructs are theoretically analyzed and linked to certain hypothesized consequences (social behaviors, health indices). Study 1 explores the meaning of theseExpand
Individualism-Collectivism
Individualism and collectivism are terms used by both social scientists and the public, but there are few systematic studies of this dimension. A sample of psychologists and anthropologists from allExpand
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The dimension of individualism-collectivism, as identified by Hofstede (1980), was studied using items developed both theoretically and emically in nine diverse cultures. The dimension was found toExpand
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