Individualism, Collectivism, and Authoritarianism in Seven Societies

@article{Kemmelmeier2003IndividualismCA,
  title={Individualism, Collectivism, and Authoritarianism in Seven Societies},
  author={Markus Kemmelmeier and Eugene Burnstein and Krum Krumov and Petia Genkova and Chie Kanagawa and Matthew Hirshberg and Hans Peter Erb and Grażyna Wieczorkowska and Kimberly A. Noels},
  journal={Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology},
  year={2003},
  volume={34},
  pages={304 - 322}
}
Building on Hofstede's finding that individualism and social hierarchy are incompatible at the societal level, the authors examined the relationship between individualism-collectivism and orientations toward authority at the individual level. In Study 1, authoritarianism was related to three measures of collectivism but unrelated to three measures of individualism in a U.S. sample (N = 382). Study 2 used Triandis's horizontal-vertical individualism-collectivism framework in samples from… 

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