Individual versus social complexity, with particular reference to ant colonies

  title={Individual versus social complexity, with particular reference to ant colonies},
  author={Carl Anderson and Daniel W. McShea},
  journal={Biological Reviews},
Insect societies – colonies of ants, bees, wasps and termites – vary enormously in their social complexity. Social complexity is a broadly used term that encompasses many individual and colony‐level traits and characteristics such as colony size, polymorphism and foraging strategy. A number of earlier studies have considered the relationships among various correlates of social complexity in insect societies; in this review, we build upon those studies by proposing additional correlates and show… 
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    Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • 2011
This review of previous studies of social gradients that form along latitudinal and altitudinal axes describes several environmental factors that vary consistently along such gradients, including climate variables and abundance of predators, and outline their proposed role in the social systems of terrestrial arthropods.


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Caste and ecology in the social insects.
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  • I. Karsai, J. Wenzel
  • Economics
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1998
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