Individual variation in English flaps and taps: A case of categorical phonetics

  title={Individual variation in English flaps and taps: A case of categorical phonetics},
  author={Donald Derrick and Bryan Gick},
  journal={Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue canadienne de linguistique},
  pages={307 - 319}
  • D. Derrick, B. Gick
  • Published 1 November 2011
  • Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue canadienne de linguistique
Abstarct This article questions the view that phonetics governs exclusively gradient phenomena. Experimental data from an ultrasound study of English flap allophones show unconditioned categorical variation in the production of everyday words. Individual variation is discussed as an essential area of empirical investigation in uncovering emergent categorical properties of language. 
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