Individual leadership and boldness in shoals of golden shiners (Notemigonus crysoleucas)

  title={Individual leadership and boldness in shoals of golden shiners (Notemigonus crysoleucas)},
  author={C. Leblond and St{\'e}phan G. Reebs},
Shoals of golden shiners (Notemigonus crysoleucas) often swim along the perimeter of their large indoor tank at dawn and dusk, and can also be trained to anticipate food arrival by swimming directly towards the food source at midday. In this study all golden shiners in six shoals of 8-12 fish were individually marked with a visible implant elastomer, and shoal movement was video taped in order to determine whether some individuals consistently occupied front positions even when all shoal… 

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