Individual differences in output variability as a function of job complexity.

@article{Hunter1990IndividualDI,
  title={Individual differences in output variability as a function of job complexity.},
  author={John Edward Hunter and Frank L. Schmidt and Michael K. Judiesch},
  journal={Journal of Applied Psychology},
  year={1990},
  volume={75},
  pages={28-42}
}
The hypothesis was tested that the standard deviation of employee output as a percentage of mean output (SD,,) increases as a function of the complexity level of the job. The data examined were adjusted for the inflationary effects of measurement error and the deflationary effects of range restriction on observed SDy figures, refinements absent from previous studies. Results indicate that SDT increases as the information-processing demands (complexity) of the job increase; the observed… Expand

Tables from this paper

Between-Worker Variability in Output Under Piece-Rate Versus Hourly Pay Systems
This study re-examined the earlier conclusion by F. Schmidt and J. Hunter (1983) that incentive pay reduces between-worker differences in output, based on their finding that the standard deviation ofExpand
Utility estimates of job performance as related to the Data, People, and Things parameters of work
Summary The purpose of this study was to investigate the applicability of the Schmidt-Hunter global estimation method of assessing utility across a broad range of jobs. Ninety-fiveExpand
Differential Effects of Task Performance, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, and Job Complexity on Voluntary Turnover
PurposeThe purpose of this study was to investigate the performance–turnover relationship by considering the effects of task performance and OCBs simultaneously while also examining the moderatingExpand
Estimates of the dollar value of employee output in utility analyses : an empirical test of two theories
This study examined distributions of estimates of the dollar value of performance in studies employing Schmidt, Hunter, McKenzie, and Muldrow's (1979) method for estimating the standard deviation ofExpand
The relationship between typical and maximum performance across levels of job complexity
Previous research by Sackett, Zedeck, and Fogli (1988) found that measures of typical and maximum work performance correlate .36. The present study expands upon this performance distinction byExpand
Voluntary Turnover and Job Performance: Curvilinearity and the Moderating Influences of Salary Growth, Promotions, and Labor Demand
In this study we investigated the relation between job performance and voluntary employee turnover for 5,143 exempt employees in a single firm in the petroleum industry. As hypothesized, we foundExpand
The costs of today’s jobs: Job characteristics and organizational supports as antecedents of negative spillover ☆
Abstract This study examined job characteristics and organizational supports as antecedents of negative work-to-nonwork spillover for 1178 U.S. employees. Based on hierarchical regression analyses ofExpand
ON THE INTERCHANGEABILITY OF OBJECTIVE AND SUBJECTIVE MEASURES OF EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE: A META-ANALYSIS
A meta-analysis of studies containing both objective and subjective ratings of employee performance resulted in a corrected mean correlation of .389. This value, although significantly greater thanExpand
Estimating the Dollar Value of Performance for a Complex Military Occupation: The Influence of Supervisory Rank and Experience
The Cronbach-Gleser utility model provides an integration of the costs and benefits associated with personnel selection programs. Crucial to the appli- cation of this model in the selection programsExpand
A comparison of supervisor and incumbent estimates of SDy
This study attempted to determine if experienced job incumbents were capable of providing estimates of worth that were similar to those provided by supervisors. The job class investigated in thisExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 82 REFERENCES
Quantifying the effects of psychological interventions on employee job performance and work-force productivity.
Quantification of the economic impact of psychological programs in organizations requires determination of (a) the size and variability of the resulting increase in job performance, and (b) theExpand
Joint relation of experience and ability with job performance: Test of three hypotheses.
Data from four different jobs (TV = 1,474) were used to evaluate three hypotheses of the joint relation of job experience and general mental ability to job performance as measured by (a) work sampleExpand
THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF JOB SELECTION METHODS ON SIZE, PRODUCTIVITY, AND PAYROLL COSTS OF THE FEDERAL WORK FORCE: AN EMPIRICALLY BASED DEMONSTRATION
In this study, job performance increases resulting from improved selection validity were measured empirically rather than estimated from the standard linear regression utility equations. SelectionExpand
Validity and Utility of Alternative Predictors of Job Performance
Meta-analysis of the cumulative research on various predictors of job performance shows that for entry-level jobs there is no predictor with validity equal to that of ability, which has a meanExpand
Selection utility in the occupation of U.S. Park ranger for three modes of test use
This study presents an analysis of the selection-utility implications of employing a valid test versus a structured employment interview in the selection of park rangers in the U.S. Park Service.Expand
Accuracy and reliability of SDy estimates in utility analysis
The accuracy and reliability of SDy estimates (the standard deviation of job performance in Dollars) derived using the method introduced by Schmidt et al. (1979) was investigated using estimates forExpand
Impact of valid selection procedures on work-force productivity.
Decision theoretic equations were used to estimate the impact of a valid test (the Programmer Aptitude Test; PAT) on productivity if it were used to select new computer programmers for one year inExpand
Ability, Human Capital and Employer Screening: Reconciling Labor Market Behavior with Studies of Employee Productivity
widely available paper-and-pencil tests is found to be an important indicator of individual productivity in a wide variety of jobs. Although, it is claimed, these tests provide information onExpand
Information Externalities and the Social Payoff to Academic Achievement. Working Paper No. 87-06. Revised.
The thesis of this paper is that wage rates and earnings give misleading signals to public and private decision makers regarding the social benefits of cenain kinds of education and training (E&T)Expand
ASSESSING THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF PERSONNEL PROGRAMS ON WORKFORCE PRODUCTIVITY
This article describes and illustrates the adaptation of the linear-regression-based decision-theoretic equations used to estimate the dollar impact of valid selection procedures on workforceExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...