Individual differences in executive functions are almost entirely genetic in origin.

@article{Friedman2008IndividualDI,
  title={Individual differences in executive functions are almost entirely genetic in origin.},
  author={Naomi P. Friedman and Akira Miyake and Susan E. Young and John C Defries and Robin P Corley and John K Hewitt},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. General},
  year={2008},
  volume={137 2},
  pages={201-25}
}
Recent psychological and neuropsychological research suggests that executive functions--the cognitive control processes that regulate thought and action--are multifaceted and that different types of executive functions are correlated but separable. The present multivariate twin study of 3 executive functions (inhibiting dominant responses, updating working memory representations, and shifting between task sets), measured as latent variables, examined why people vary in these executive control… CONTINUE READING
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