Individual Differences in the Enjoyment of Negative Emotion in Music: A Literature Review and Experiment

  title={Individual Differences in the Enjoyment of Negative Emotion in Music: A Literature Review and Experiment},
  author={Sandra Garrido and Emery Schubert},
  journal={Music Perception},
Why do People Seek out Music that Makes Them cry? This paradox is a complex one that appears to have no single answer. Rather, numerous factors appear to be interacting in the diverse responses of individuals to music. The present study tested the hypothesis that individual differences in dissociation, absorption, fantasy proneness, empathy, and rumination would be related to the enjoyment of negative emotion in music. Fifty-nine participants completed a survey pertaining to this question… 
Negative Emotion in Music: What is the Attraction? A Qualitative Study
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Loved music can make a listener feel negative emotions
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This is the first comprehensive survey of music-evoked sadness, revealing that listening to sad music can lead to beneficial emotional effects such as regulation of negative emotion and mood as well as consolation.
Emotions during live music performance: Links with individual differences in empathy, visual imagery, and mood.
Emotional responses to music involve the interplay of multiple factors related to music, listener, and situation (Gabrielsson, 2001; Scherer & Zentner, 2001). For instance, individuals differ in
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It is concluded that music evokes emotions through mechanisms that are not unique to music, and that the study of musical emotions could benefit the emotion field as a whole by providing novel paradigms for emotion induction.
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The data indicated that people consider music an important aspect of their lives and listening to music an activity they engaged in frequently, and the links between music preferences and personality were related to a wide array of personality dimensions.
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It is paradoxical that people should like music that evokes negative emotions. In this article an associative network, incorporating principles of connectionism and semantic networks, is presented to
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The present research addresses the induction of emotion during music listening in adults using categorical and dimensional theories of emotion as background. It further explores the influences of
Cognitive Styles of Music Listening
BARON-COHEN9S EMPATHIZER-SYSTEMIZER-THEORY (E-S theory, Baron-Cohen, Knickmeyer, & Belmonte, 2005) distinguishes two general cognitive styles. Empathizing is characterized as the capacity to respond
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Eighty-three music listeners completed a questionnaire in which thev provided information about the occurrence of a range of physical reactions while listening to music. Shivers down the spine,
Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multidimensional approach.
To facilitate a multidimensional approach to empathy the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) includes 4 subscales: Perspective-Taking (PT) Fantasy (FS) Empathic Concern (EC) and Personal Distress
The structure of empathy during middle childhood and its relationship to prosocial behavior.
Results of a confirmatory factor analysis on the Interpersonal Reactivity Index supported Davis's (1980) findings that empathy comprises four components: perspective taking, fantasy, empathic concern, and personal distress.