Individual Differences in Children's Eyewitness Recall: The Influence of Intelligence and Shyness

@article{Roebers2001IndividualDI,
  title={Individual Differences in Children's Eyewitness Recall: The Influence of Intelligence and Shyness},
  author={Claudia M. Roebers and Wolfgang Schneider},
  journal={Applied Developmental Science},
  year={2001},
  volume={5},
  pages={20 - 9}
}
This study was conducted to examine influences of personality characteristics on children's eyewitness recall. A sample of 217 children from 3 age groups (6-, 8-, and 10-year-olds) were included in the study. To explain individual differences in children's free recall of an observed event as well as in their ability to answer specific questions accurately, intelligence and teachers' rating of shyness were selected as central personality characteristics. The results revealed a significant… 
Individual differences in children's recall and suggestibility: the effect of intelligence, temperament, and self‐perceptions
This study explored the effect of intelligence, temperament, and self-perceptions on children's recall and suggestibility. The relationship between recall and suggestibility was also examined. A
Individual and developmental differences in eyewitness recall and suggestibility in children with intellectual disabilities
This study examined two key issues: (1) whether there were developmental improvements in eyewitness memory performance for children with intellectual disabilities (ID); and (2) whether standardised
Eyewitness Memory, Suggestibility, and Repeated Recall Sessions in Children with Mild and Moderate Intellectual Disabilities
TLDR
Performance was similar, although children with ID gave more information in response to free recall instructions and changed their answers in the repeated interview more often, and standardized measures of verbal memory and suggestibility were modest to moderate predictors of eyewitness memory performance.
Individual Differences in Children's Suggestibility: A Review and Synthesis
Over the last decade, there has been a significant growth in the study of individual differences factors predicting children's suggestibility. In this paper, we synthesize the results of 69 studies
The relation between inhibitory control and children’s eyewitness memory
SUMMARY The hypothesis that inhibitory control—an aspect of executive functioning—is related to children’s suggestibility was tested. Five- to 7-year-olds (N ¼ 125) participated in a staged event,
Age-related Differences in the Free-recall Accounts of Child, Adolescent, and Adult Witnesses
Summary: Many researchers have examined the factors that affect children’s ability to provide eyewitness evidence, leading to significant reform in policy and practice. In stark contrast, there has
The computer-assisted interview In My Shoes can benefit shy preschool children's communication
TLDR
Investigation of children’s verbal and non-verbal communicative behavior developed differently during the rapport phase, depending on whether children were situationally shy or not, and whether the interview was conducted using the computer-assisted interview In My Shoes (IMS) or a Standard verbal interview.
Do measures of memory, language, and attention predict eyewitness memory in children with and without autism?
Background and aims There are few investigations of the relationship between cognitive abilities (memory, language, and attention) and children’s eyewitness performance in typically developing
The effect of interviewing techniques on young children's responses to questions.
TLDR
It has been demonstrated that interviewing techniques can affect responses from children and that it is therefore imperative that interviewers are aware of, understand and control their influence in order to elicit complete, accurate and reliable information from the child.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 54 REFERENCES
The impact of misleading questions on eyewitness memory in children and adults
The study examined developmental patterns of the negative effect of misleading post-event information in two different kinds of eyewitness interviews. A total of 284 subjects aged between five and 64
Developmental patterns of eyewitness memory and suggestibility
Adults, 8-, and 6-year-olds viewed a video of 2 children arguing over a bicycle and were asked free-and cured-recall as well as positive- and negative-leading questions in multiple interviews.
Developmental differences in eyewitness suggestibility and memory for source.
TLDR
The results of two experiments revealed that although all subjects claimed to remember seeing suggested items, the magnitude of this effect varied with age such that first-graders made more source confusions than third- and fifth- graders, who in turn made more confusions more than college subjects.
Personality effects on children's speech in everyday life: sociability-mediated exposure and shyness-mediated reactivity to social situations.
TLDR
The results show that sociability affects the exposure, and shyness the reactivity, to situations and that these traits are clearly distinct despite some similarity in lay judgments of personality.
Improving young children’s free narratives about an observed event: The effects of nonspecific verbal prompts
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of two nonspecific verbal prompts in interviewing preschool children and second graders. Forty kindergartners (M age = 71.6 months) and 46
Does the use of dolls facilitate children's memory of visits to the doctor?
Age differences in children's recall of salient experiences have frequently been documented, but these findings have routinely been based on studies in which verbal interviews have been employed.
Emotion and memory: Children's long-term remembering, forgetting, and suggestibility.
TLDR
Children were more likely to assent to the false medical procedure when it was alluded to briefly than when described in detail, and false assents were related to fewer "do-not-know" responses about the VCUG.
Developmental Patterns of Eyewitness Responses to Repeated and Increasingly Suggestive Questions
Kindergarten, Grade 2, Grade 4, and adult subjects viewed a brief video of two children arguing about the use of a bicycle. One week later subjects were asked for their free recall of the events in
Children's memory for a salient medical procedure: implications for testimony.
TLDR
The findings suggest that, under some conditions, young children can provide accurate and detailed reports of personally experienced distressful events.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...