Individual Change in Perceived Control over 20 Years

  title={Individual Change in Perceived Control over 20 Years},
  author={M. Gatz and M. Karel},
  journal={International Journal of Behavioral Development},
  pages={305 - 322}
  • M. Gatz, M. Karel
  • Published 1993
  • Psychology
  • International Journal of Behavioral Development
  • Perceptions of personal control were studied in 1267 individuals who represented four generations of families participating in a large longitudinal study spanning 1971 to 1991. Cross-sectional, longitudinal, and sequential analytic strategies were employed. Over 20 years, mean levels of personal control became more internal in the 560 respondents who participated at all four times of measurement, probably as a reflection of contextual factors in the culture. Developmental changes toward greater… CONTINUE READING
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