Individual Change in Perceived Control over 20 Years

@article{Gatz1993IndividualCI,
  title={Individual Change in Perceived Control over 20 Years},
  author={Margaret Gatz and Michele J. Karel},
  journal={International Journal of Behavioral Development},
  year={1993},
  volume={16},
  pages={305 - 322}
}
  • M. Gatz, M. Karel
  • Published 1 June 1993
  • Psychology
  • International Journal of Behavioral Development
Perceptions of personal control were studied in 1267 individuals who represented four generations of families participating in a large longitudinal study spanning 1971 to 1991. Cross-sectional, longitudinal, and sequential analytic strategies were employed. Over 20 years, mean levels of personal control became more internal in the 560 respondents who participated at all four times of measurement, probably as a reflection of contextual factors in the culture. Developmental changes toward greater… 
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