Indirect interactions between browsers and seed predators affect the seed bank dynamics of a chaparral shrub

  title={Indirect interactions between browsers and seed predators affect the seed bank dynamics of a chaparral shrub},
  author={Adrian J. Deveny and Laurel R. Fox},
Interactions between herbivores and seed predators may have long-term consequences for plant populations that rely on persistent seed banks for recovery after unpredictable fires. We assessed the effects of browsing by deer and seed predation by rodents, ants and birds on the densities of seeds entering the seed bank of Ceanothus cuneatus var. rigidus, a maritime chaparral shrub in coastal California. Ceanothus produced many more seeds when protected from browsers in long-term experimental… CONTINUE READING
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