Indirect effects of overfishing on Caribbean reefs: sponges overgrow reef-building corals

@inproceedings{Loh2015IndirectEO,
  title={Indirect effects of overfishing on Caribbean reefs: sponges overgrow reef-building corals},
  author={Tse-Lynn Loh and Steven E McMurray and Timothy P Henkel and Jan Vicente and Joseph R. Pawlik},
  booktitle={PeerJ},
  year={2015}
}
Consumer-mediated indirect effects at the community level are difficult to demonstrate empirically. Here, we show an explicit indirect effect of overfishing on competition between sponges and reef-building corals from surveys of 69 sites across the Caribbean. Leveraging the large-scale, long-term removal of sponge predators, we selected overfished sites where intensive methods, primarily fish-trapping, have been employed for decades or more, and compared them to sites in remote or marine… CONTINUE READING

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