Indirect effects of fish community structure on submerged vegetation in shallow, eutrophic lakes: an alternative mechanism


The loss of submerged macrophytes during eutrophication of shallow lakes is a commonly observed phenomenon. The proximate reason for this decline is a reduction of available light due to increasing phytoplankton and/or epiphyton biomass. Here we argue that the ultimate cause for the transition from a macrophyte-dominated state to a phytoplankton-dominated… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/BF00007045

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