Indirect Effects of a Keystone Herbivore Elevate Local Animal Diversity

  title={Indirect Effects of a Keystone Herbivore Elevate Local Animal Diversity},
  author={Katherine Greenwald and Lisa J. Petit and Thomas A. Waite},
Abstract We quantified indirect effects of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) on ground-dwelling herpetofauna and invertebrates in Cuyahoga Valley National Park, Ohio, USA. We placed cover boards at 12 sites, each consisting of a 10 × 10-m fenced (exclosure) plot and an unfenced (control) plot. Periodically, during May–December 2004 and May–September 2005, we counted salamanders, snakes, and a variety of invertebrate taxa. Salamander, snake, and gastropod abundance as well as… 

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