Indirect Aerosol Forcing, Quasi Forcing, and Climate Response

@article{Rotstayn2001IndirectAF,
  title={Indirect Aerosol Forcing, Quasi Forcing, and Climate Response},
  author={Leon D. Rotstayn and Joyce E. Penner},
  journal={Journal of Climate},
  year={2001},
  volume={14},
  pages={2960-2975}
}
Abstract The component of the indirect aerosol effect related to changes in precipitation efficiency (the second indirect or Albrecht effect) is presently evaluated in climate models by taking the difference in net irradiance between a present-day and a preindustrial simulation using fixed sea surface temperatures (SSTs). This approach gives a “quasi forcing,” which differs from a pure forcing in that fields other than the initially perturbed quantity have been allowed to vary. It is routinely… Expand
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