Indices of El Niño Evolution

@inproceedings{Trenberth2000IndicesOE,
  title={Indices of El Ni{\~n}o Evolution},
  author={Kevin E. Trenberth and DAVID P. STEPANIAK},
  year={2000}
}
To characterize the nature of El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO), sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in different regions of the Pacific have been used. An optimal characterization of both the distinct character and the evolution of each El Niño or La Niña event is suggested that requires at least two indices: (i) SST anomalies in the Niño-3.4 region (referred to as N3.4), and (ii) a new index termed here the Trans-Niño Index (TNI), which is given by the difference in normalized anomalies… CONTINUE READING
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