Indications for intestinal transplantation: recognizing the scope and limits of total parenteral nutrition.

@article{Gotthardt2013IndicationsFI,
  title={Indications for intestinal transplantation: recognizing the scope and limits of total parenteral nutrition.},
  author={Daniel N Gotthardt and Annika Gauss and Ulrike Zech and Arianeb Mehrabi and Karl Heinz Weiss and Peter Sauer and Wolfgang Stremmel and Markus W. B{\"u}chler and Peter Schemmer},
  journal={Clinical transplantation},
  year={2013},
  volume={27 Suppl 25},
  pages={49-55}
}
Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is currently the treatment of choice for patients with intestinal failure. Intestinal failure in adults is mostly due to short bowel syndrome, which is most often caused by ischemia and Crohn's disease. However, TPN fails in a substantial number of cases. For patients with TPN failure, intestinal transplantation (ITx) may be offered as a treatment. TPN failure is considered to be present either if nutrition itself is not possible or if complications of TPN occur… CONTINUE READING
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