Using the sample of 107 families with at least two asthmatic siblings, as part of the EGEA study, we have investigated linkage to asthma (or atopy) and genetic heterogeneity according to the presence/absence of atopy (or asthma) using two approaches: (1) the triangle test statistic (TTS), which considers the identical by descent (IBD) distribution among affected sib-pairs discordant for another associated phenotype (eg asthmatic sib-pairs discordant for atopy) and (2) the predivided sample test (PST), which compares the IBD distribution of marker alleles between affected sib-pairs concordant and discordant for the associated phenotype. Two regions, 8p and 12q, already reported to be linked to both asthma and atopy, were examined here. A total of 20 asthmatic sib-pairs discordant for atopy and 24 atopic pairs discordant for asthma were analyzed by both TTS and PST methods and 83 pairs with atopic asthma by PST. Some evidence for linkage was observed for two markers in the 8p23.3–p23.2 region; D8S504 for asthma with genetic heterogeneity according to the presence/absence of atopy and D8S503 for atopy with genetic heterogeneity according to the presence/absence of asthma. In the 12q14.2–q21.33 region, there was also some evidence of linkage to two markers, D12S83 and D12S95, for atopy and asthma, respectively, with genetic heterogeneity according to the presence/absence of the associated trait. Provided the small distance between the two markers on either 8p (16 cM) or 12q (21 cM), it is unclear whether one or two genetic factors are involved in either region.