Indian and African plate motions driven by the push force of the Réunion plume head

@article{Cande2011IndianAA,
  title={Indian and African plate motions driven by the push force of the R{\'e}union plume head},
  author={Steven C. Cande and Dave R. Stegman},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2011},
  volume={475},
  pages={47-52}
}
Mantle plumes are thought to play an important part in the Earth’s tectonics, yet it has been difficult to isolate the effect that plumes have on plate motions. Here we analyse the plate motions involved in two apparently disparate events—the unusually rapid motion of India between 67 and 52 million years ago and a contemporaneous, transitory slowing of Africa’s motion—and show that the events are coupled, with the common element being the position of the Indian and African plates relative to… 
Earth science: Plate motion and mantle plumes
TLDR
The Reunion volcanic hotspot beneath the Indian Ocean has been active for about 67 million years, and the close coupling of the motion of India and Africa strongly suggests that it is the waxing and waning of the Reunion plume head that is driving these motions.
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SUMMARY The buoyancy of lithospheric slabs in subduction zones is widely thought to dominate the torques driving plate tectonics. In late Cretaceous and early Paleogene times, the Indian plate moved
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The central Indian Ocean is considered the archetypal diffuse oceanic plate boundary. Data from seismic stratigraphy and deep-sea drilling indicate that the contractional deformation of the Indian
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The convergence history of India-Eurasia records multiple subduction dynamics processes
TLDR
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Mantle conveyor beneath the Tethyan collisional belt
Abstract Collisional belts are generated by the arrival of continental lithosphere into a subduction zone. The Tethyan suture from the Bitlis to the Himalayas is a prime example where the Arabian and
Trench migration and upper plate strain over a convecting mantle
Trench motion and upper plate deformation ultimately respond to mantle flow. Herein I build upon the mantle flow model results of Conrad and Behn (2010) and compute the drag forces underneath all
Long-term evolution of a plume-induced subduction in the Neotethys realm
Abstract The head of a mantle plume can weaken the oceanic lithosphere through the combined action of its buoyancy forces and excess temperature, which eventually induces intra-oceanic subductions.
High resolution reconstructions of the Southwest Indian Ridge, 52 Ma to present: implications for the breakup and absolute motion of the Africa plate
We reconstruct the post-52 Ma seafloor spreading history of the Southwest Indian Ridge at 44 distinct times from inversions of ≈20 000 magnetic reversal, fracture zone and transform fault
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