Indian Rubidium Atomic Frequency Standard (iRAFS) Development for Satellite Navigation

  title={Indian Rubidium Atomic Frequency Standard (iRAFS) Development for Satellite Navigation},
  author={Thejesh N. Bandi and Jaydeep Kaintura and Azhar Saiyed and B. Ghosal and Pratik Jain and Richa Sharma and P. B. Vishnu Priya and Keya Shukla and Sarathi Mandal and Niranjan Reddy and Ashish Soni and Sandip Somani and Arvind Patel and Deepak Attri and Deepak Mishra and T. V. S. Ram and K. S. Parikh},
  journal={2019 URSI Asia-Pacific Radio Science Conference (AP-RASC)},
Navigation is an indispensable part of everyday human life. In recent times, satellite based navigation system has proven to be indispensable in various navigation and scientific applications [1]. The backbone of satellite based navigation systems is very precise and highly stable atomic clocks. Satellite-based and ground-based clocks formulate the complete operability of a navigation system. The satellite-based clocks fall under the category of portable and space qualified atomic frequency… 



Physics Today.

Using a combination of x-ray diffraction and electron diffraction, the scientists produced a three-dimensional map of the hybridized "orbital hole" bonding copper with neighboring oxygen atoms in cuprite (Cu2O).


  • Ferroelctr. Freq. Control, vol. 61, 11
  • 2014