Indian Ocean circulation and climate variability

  title={Indian Ocean circulation and climate variability},
  author={Friedrich A. Schott and Shang‐ping Xie and J. P. McCreary},
  journal={Reviews of Geophysics},
In recent years, the Indian Ocean (IO) has been discovered to have a much larger impact on climate variability than previously thought. This paper reviews climate phenomena and processes in which the IO is, or appears to be, actively involved. We begin with an update of the IO mean circulation and monsoon system. It is followed by reviews of ocean/atmosphere phenomenon at intraseasonal, interannual, and longer time scales. Much of our review addresses the two important types of interannual… 
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