Indian Momtjac, Muntiacus muntiak: A Deer with a Low Diploid Chromosome Number

@article{Wurster1970IndianMM,
  title={Indian Momtjac, Muntiacus muntiak: A Deer with a Low Diploid Chromosome Number},
  author={Doris H. Wurster and Kurt Benirschke},
  journal={Science},
  year={1970},
  volume={168},
  pages={1364 - 1366}
}
The Indian muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak) has a diploid chromosome number of 7 in the male and 6 in the female, the lowest number yet described in a mammal. Its near relative, Reeve's muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi) has a diploid number of 46, and the karyotypes of the two, species are very different. 
Muntiacus muntjak (Indian or red muntjac)
The sex chromosome situation in this species is similar to that in Potorous (Folio 1), Carollia (Folio 105), Artebius jamaicensis (Folio 55), etc., in that an acrocentric autosome was translocated
DNA content measurements and an improved idiogram for the Indian muntjac.
TLDR
Computer-aided analysis of digitized metaphase chromosomes allowed development of a detailed Indian muntjac G-banded idiogram incorporating both ISCN-type nomenclature and quantitative estimates of the size of each band and position.
Evolution of muntjac DNA
TLDR
A comparison of the total nuclear DNA reassociation kinetics of the two species indicates a reduction of lowly repetitive sequences in M. m.
The taxonomic status of feral muntjac deer (Muntiacus sp.) in England
TLDR
It is concluded that the feral muntjac deer in England are Reeves' munt Jac, and no evidence has been found to substantiate claims for the presence of either the Indianmuntjac or hybrids.
Preferential late replication of one of the two morphologically distinguishable X-chromosomes in a female muntjac
In a female barking deer, Muntiacus muntjak, whose 2 X-chromosomes are mutually distinguishable from each other, one X has been found to be late replicating in 57.8% cells compared to the other which
Compound kinetochores of the Indian muntjac
TLDR
The evolution of compound kinetochores of the Indian muntjac may have been facilitated by the nonrandom aggregation of interphase kinetchores in the nuclei of the ancestral species.
Phylogeny ofMuntiacus (Cervidae) based on mitochondrial DNA restriction maps
TLDR
Mitochondrial DNA restriction maps for 12 restriction enzymes of four species of muntjacs were compared to estimate the phylogenetic relationships among them, which indicates that the black muntjac and the Gongshan muntJac are closely related, followed by the Chinesemuntjac.
THE CHARACTERIZATION OF TWO ESTABLISHED HETEROPLOID LINES (INDIAN MUNTJAC AND RAT KANGAROO) WITH A LOW CHROMOSOME NUMBER. II. CHROMOSOME IDENTIFICATION BY AUTORADIOGRAPHY AND SPECIFIC BANDING TECHNIQUES
TLDR
Autoradiographic analyses of established heteroploid lines of the rat kangaroo and the Indian deer revealed an absence of a late replicating sex chromosome and a correlation between grain concentration and regions of bright fluorescence or dark giemsa stain.
THE CHARACTERIZATION OF TWO ESTABLISHED HETEROPLOID LINES (INDIAN MUNTJAC AND RAT KANGAROO) WITH A LOW CHROMOSOME NUMBER. I. IN VITRO KARYOTYPE EVOLUTION AND CELL CYCLE DYNAMICS
Chromosome morphology, cell cycle dynamics and in vitro karyotype evolution are described for two heteroploid cell lines. For the male muntjac line, karyotypic changes are not correlated with gross...
Characterisation of a tandem repetitive sequence cloned from the deer Capreolus capreolus and its chromosomal localisation in two muntjac species.
TLDR
The isolation and characterisation of a highly repetitive DNA sequence from the genome of the Roe deer is reported, characterised by tandem repetition and located within centric heterochromatin as demonstrated by non isotopic in situ hybridisation to the karyotypes of the Indian and Chinese muntjacs.
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