Independent and combined effects of tobacco smoking, chewing and alcohol drinking on the risk of oral, pharyngeal and esophageal cancers in Indian men.

@article{Znaor2003IndependentAC,
  title={Independent and combined effects of tobacco smoking, chewing and alcohol drinking on the risk of oral, pharyngeal and esophageal cancers in Indian men.},
  author={Ariana Znaor and Paul Brennan and Vendhan Gajalakshmi and Aleyamma Mathew and Viswanathan Shanta and C. Anjali Varghese and Paolo Boffetta},
  journal={International journal of cancer},
  year={2003},
  volume={105 5},
  pages={681-6}
}
Oral, pharyngeal and esophageal cancers are 3 of the 5 most common cancer sites in Indian men. To assess the effect of different patterns of smoking, chewing and alcohol drinking in the development of the above 3 neoplasms and to determine the interaction among these habits, we conducted a case-control study in Chennai and Trivandrum, South India. The cases included 1,563 oral, 636 pharyngeal and 566 esophageal male cancer patients who were compared with 1,711 male disease controls from the 2… CONTINUE READING
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