Corpus ID: 207844330

Independent Effects 3 The Independent Effects of Personality and Situations on Real-time Expressions of Behavior and Emotion Why do people behave the way they do ? Why do people feel the way they do ?

  title={Independent Effects 3 The Independent Effects of Personality and Situations on Real-time Expressions of Behavior and Emotion Why do people behave the way they do ? Why do people feel the way they do ?},
  author={Ryne A. Sherman and John F. Rauthmann and Nicolas A. Brown and David Serfass and Ashley Bell Jones},
The joint influence of persons and situations on behavior has long been posited by personality and social psychological theory (Funder, 2006; Lewin, 1951). However, a lack of tools for realtime behavioral and situation assessment has left direct investigations of this sort immobilized. This study combines recent advances in situation assessment and experience sampling methodology to examine the simultaneous effects of personality traits and situation characteristics on real-time expressions of… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper


What I experienced yesterday is who I am today: relationship of work motivations and behaviors to within-individual variation in the five-factor model of personality.
Results revealed that personality at work exhibited both stability and variation within individuals, and correlations of neuroticism with standard deviations in the daily personality variables suggest that, although work experiences influence state personality, people higher in neuroticism exhibit higher levels of intraindividual variation in personality than do those who are more emotionally stable. Expand
Persons, behaviors and situations: An agenda for personality psychology in the postwar era
Abstract The internecine war over the relative importance of persons and situations, triggered 40 years ago by Walter Mischel’s Personality and Assessment, is largely over, so it is time forExpand
The manifestation of traits in everyday behavior and affect: : A five-culture study
Abstract Consistent with trait theory and the density distributions approach ( Fleeson, 2001 ), the Big Five traits predicted personality and affect states across 20 days in five cultures. PerceivedExpand
Personality influences on the choice of situations
Publisher Summary This chapter illustrates personality influences on the choice of situations. The choice of situations is an important cause of the temporal stability in individuals' behavior. TheExpand
The personality triad in balance: multidimensional individual differences in situation-behavior profiles
Abstract A new methodology is proposed to study the full personality triad including persons, situations, and responses. It is based on a model of the structural mechanism underlying behavioral dataExpand
A cognitive-affective system theory of personality: reconceptualizing situations, dispositions, dynamics, and invariance in personality structure.
A theory was proposed to reconcile paradoxical findings on the invariance of personality and the variability of behavior across situations to account for individual differences in predictable patterns of variability across situations. Expand
The implications of Big Five standing for the distribution of trait manifestation in behavior: fifteen experience-sampling studies and a meta-analysis.
A meta-analysis of 15 experience-sampling studies, conducted over the course of 8 years, provides evidence that traits are powerful predictors of actual manifestation of traits in behavior. Expand
Situation-based contingencies underlying trait-content manifestation in behavior.
  • W. Fleeson
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality
  • 2007
The findings suggest that within-person variability in personality states is meaningful and is related to situations, that personality psychology should characterize situations in terms of their relevance to personality states, and that process and individual-difference structure approaches can be integrated in personality psychology. Expand
A personality trait-based interactionist model of job performance.
A model is proposed that distinguishes among 5 situational features relevant to trait expression (job demands, distracters, constraints, releasers, and facilitators), operating at task, social, and organizational levels and promotes useful discussion of critical issues, including situational specificity, personality-oriented job analysis, team building, and work motivation. Expand
Personality-driven situation experience, contact, and construal: How people’s personality traits predict characteristics of their situations in daily life
In situation perceptions, the objective situation and its unique construal are confounded. We propose a multiple-rater approach where situations are rated by raters in situ (who experienced theExpand