Incubation and the persistence of fixation in problem solving.

@article{Smith1991IncubationAT,
  title={Incubation and the persistence of fixation in problem solving.},
  author={S. M. Smith and S. E. Blankenship},
  journal={The American journal of psychology},
  year={1991},
  volume={104 1},
  pages={
          61-87
        }
}
Extra work on unsolved problems may lead to more improvement if the new work is delayed rather than undertaken immediately after initial solution attempts. Such a result constitutes incubation in problem solving. "Unconscious work" on a problem, commonly assumed to be responsible for incubation effects, may not be necessary to observe the phenomenon. We hypothesize that fixation, a block to successful problem solving, may develop during initial solution attempts and persist, interfering with… 
Partly versus Completely Out of Your Mind: Effects of Incubation and Distraction on Resolving Fixation
Incubation has long been proposed as a mechanism in creative problem solving (Wallas, 1926). A new trial-by-trial method for observing incubation effects was used to compare the forgetting fixation
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An incubation effect occurs when taking a break from a problem helps solvers arrive at the correct solution more often than working on it continuously. The forgetting-fixation account, a popular
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TLDR
The experiments in this article offer support for the occurrence of spreading activation during incubation, and conclude that distributed effort facilitates problem solving, most likely via overcoming fixation.
Individual and group performance on insight problems: The effects of experimentally induced fixation
Recent research has shown that the benefits associated with incubation periods during individual problem solving can be explained in terms of forgetting the material or of any strategy that serves to
Incubation benefits only after people have been misdirected
TLDR
This work investigated three potential accounts of incubation in retrieval and search problems (subconscious work, spreading activation, and fixation forgetting) with the help of a large Internet-based participant pool.
Escaping mental fixation: Incubation and inhibition in creative problem solving
TLDR
This work tested the hypothesis that incubation reduces the need for inhibition by reducing the extent to which problem solvers suffer fixation by inserting an incubation period between two 30-second problem-solving attempts.
Examining Tasks that Facilitate the Experience of Incubation While Problem-Solving.
The three studies presented here contrasted the problem-solving outcomes of university students when a break was provided or not provided during a problem-solving session. In addition, two studies
Insight Follows Incubation In The Compound Remote Associates Task
TLDR
It is found that initial problem fixation did not predict the improvement in problem-solving after incubation and that participants were more likely to report insight on problems solved after incubations, leading to a mind-set shift to a more unconscious problem-Solving strategy involving semantic integration.
Exploring Incubation Effects on Insight Problem-Solving with Computer]based Tasks
IntroductionWhen students are confronted with an initial failure while trying to solve a problem, they may repeat their ineffective problem-solving approach again and again in vain. In this
Problem Variables that Promote Incubation Effects.
Three studies sought to determine whether incubation effects could be reliably generated in a problem-solving task. Experimental variables manipulated were the duration of the interval between two
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