A class of multivariate calibration methods called augmented classical least squares (ACLS) has been proposed which combines an explicit linear additive model with the predictive power of inverse models, such as principal component regression (PCR) and partial least squares (PLS). Because of its use of the explicit linear additive model, ACLS provides an interesting framework to incorporate different sources of prior information, such as measured pure component spectra, in the model. In this study, the predictive power of ACLS models incorporating different amounts of prior information has been compared to that of PCR and PLS using two examples, a designed experiment and one with biological samples. In both cases, the ACLS models showed predictive power comparable to PLS under idealized validation conditions. When a different interferent structure was present in the validation samples, the predictive power of the inverse models (PCR and PLS) dramatically decreased, with an increase in root-mean-squared error of prediction by a factor of 3.5 for the first example and a factor of 2 in the second example. The incorporation of prior information in the ACLS framework was found to considerably reduce or even completely remove these dramatic effects, especially when the pure component contributions for the interferents were taken into account.