Increasing polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) contamination in sediment cores from the inner Clyde Estuary, UK

  title={Increasing polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) contamination in sediment cores from the inner Clyde Estuary, UK},
  author={Christopher H. Vane and Yun-Juan Ma and Shejun Chen and Bixian Mai},
  journal={Environmental Geochemistry and Health},
The concentrations of 16 polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners in six short sediment cores from the Clyde Estuary were determined by gas-chromatography mass-spectrometry. Total PBDE concentrations ranged from 1 to 2,645 μg/kg and the average concentration was 287 μg/kg. BDE-209 was the main congener and varied from 1 to 2,337 μg/kg. Elevated total PBDE concentrations were observed close to the sediment surface in the uppermost 10 cm of four of the six sediment cores. Comparison of the… 
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in core sediments from creek ecosystem: occurrence, geochronology, and source contribution
Levels of all measured PBDEs in sediment met with guideline values except for the penta-BDE (total, BDE-99 and Bde-100) at few locations.
Historical trends of PBDEs and HBCDs in sediment cores from Sydney estuary, Australia.
Toxicological Effects of Three Polybromodiphenyl Ethers (BDE-47, BDE-99 and BDE-154) on Growth of Marine Algae Isochrysis galbana
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are highly persistent anthropogenic contaminants found in trace amounts in many environmental compartments far from their source areas, posing a risk to aquatic
Chemical signatures of the Anthropocene in the Clyde estuary, UK: sediment-hosted Pb, 207/206Pb, total petroleum hydrocarbon, polyaromatic hydrocarbon and polychlorinated biphenyl pollution records
Overall, PAHs had the longest history of any of the organic contaminants in the Clyde estuary, mirrored the lessening of coal use and increasing reliance on petroleum fuels from about the 1950s, and declining hydrocarbon pollution was followed by the onset, peak, peak and decline in total PCB concentrations.
PBDEs and methoxylated analogues in sediment cores from two Michigan, USA, inland lakes
The occurrences of MeO-PBDEs could be the major source of hydroxylated-polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH- PBDEs) observed in organisms collected in these freshwater systems.


Levels of polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants in sediment cores from Western Europe.
The absence of all PBDE congeners in the older layers of the three sediment cores, as well as in several 100-150-My-old layers from an extremely organic-rich marine sediment from the Kimmeridge clay formation in Dorset, indicated the absence of natural production of the BDE congener analyzed.
Preliminary assessment of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the Scottish aquatic environment, including the Firth of Clyde.
Preliminary data on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the Scottish aquatic environment is presented, with the highest concentrations being found in mussels close to Aberdeen harbour.
Distribution of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in sediments of the Pearl River Delta and adjacent South China Sea.
Analyses of two short sediment cores collected from the Pearl River Estuary showed that concentrations of BDE-209 rapidly increased in the upper layers of both cores, coincident with the growth of the electronics manufacturing capacities in the PRD region.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in sediments from the Mersey Estuary, U.K.
PBDEs in European background soils: levels and factors controlling their distribution.
Surface soils from remote/rural woodland and grassland locations on a latitudinal transectthrough the United Kingdom and Norway were analyzed for polybrominated diphenyl ethers, finding evidence that transfer of the congeners present in penta-BDE-treated products from source-air-soil occurs with broadly similar efficiency.
Polybrominated diphenyl ether in the East Asian environment: a critical review.
Levels and trends of brominated flame retardants in the European environment.