Increased risk of cardiovascular diseases results from accelerated development of atherosclerosis in patients with chronic renal disease

Abstract

We aimed to investigate the role of cathepsin D, an inflammatory and atherosclerotic mediator, in endothelial dysfunction in chronic kidney disease. The study included 65 patients with stage 2–4 chronic kidney disease (35 females, 30 males; mean age, 55.8±15.6 years). Serum creatinine and cathepsin D levels and glomerular filtration rates (GFRs) were… (More)

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