Increased mononuclear cell activation and apoptosis early after human liver transplantation is associated with a reduced frequency of acute rejection.

Experimental models of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) have shown that the very early events post-OLT are critical in distinguishing immunogenic and tolerogenic reactions. In rodents, increased leukocyte apoptosis and cytokine expression have been demonstrated in tolerogenic strain combinations. Information from human OLT recipients is less abundant… (More)