Increased mitochondrial DNA oxidative damage after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in mice.

Abstract

Oxidative stress and DNA oxidation play important roles in the induction of ischemic neuronal cell death. However, the subcellular source of oxidized DNA detected by 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) after ischemia has not been clarified although it is known to increase in the brain after ischemia. One-hour transient ischemia of the middle cerebral artery was induced in mice utilizing an intraluminal filament. The occurrence of superoxide anion as an ethidium (Et) signal, 8-OHdG, cytochrome c release and neuronal cell death were examined using immunohistological and biochemical techniques in sham-operated control (0h) and 1, 3, 6, 24, or 96h after reperfusion. Et signals were prominent in the cortical neurons of ipsilateral hemisphere 3h after reperfusion. Strong 8-OHdG immunoreactivity was observed 3-6h after reperfusion. Immunoassays after cell fractionation revealed a significant increase of 8-OHdG in mitochondria 6h after reperfusion. Immunohistochemistry revealed that the 8-OHdG immunoreactivity colocalized with a neuronal marker, microfilament 200 and a mitochondrial marker, cytochrome oxidase subunit I. Cytochrome c rose in cytoplasm at 6h and TUNEL-positive neurons noted 6-24h after ischemia. The present results suggest the possibility that the mitochondrial damage including mitochondrial DNA oxidation might be responsible for the induction of ischemic neuronal cell death.

Cite this paper

@article{Ohtaki2007IncreasedMD, title={Increased mitochondrial DNA oxidative damage after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in mice.}, author={Hirokazu Ohtaki and Takaaki Takeda and Kenji Dohi and Sachiko Yofu and Tomoya Nakamachi and Kazue Satoh and Yutaka Hiraizumi and Hideyo Miyaoka and Masaji Matsunaga and Seiji Shioda}, journal={Neuroscience research}, year={2007}, volume={58 4}, pages={349-55} }