Increased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in placentas of women undergoing spontaneous preterm delivery or premature rupture of membranes.

@article{ElShazly2004IncreasedEO,
  title={Increased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in placentas of women undergoing spontaneous preterm delivery or premature rupture of membranes.},
  author={Sherief El-Shazly and Ma'asoumah A Makhseed and Fawaz Y Azizieh and Raj Raghupathy},
  journal={American journal of reproductive immunology},
  year={2004},
  volume={52 1},
  pages={45-52}
}
PROBLEM The objective of this study was to determine the levels of cytokines in the placentas of women undergoing preterm delivery (PTD) or premature rupture of membranes (PROM) as compared with women undergoing normal delivery at term. METHOD OF STUDY Placentas were obtained from 30 subjects with spontaneous PTD, 30 women with PROM and 30 women with a history of normal delivery at term. Levels of interleukin (IL)-2, interferon (IFN)-gamma, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, TNF-beta, IL-4… CONTINUE READING

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