Increased cardiac awareness in panic disorder.

  title={Increased cardiac awareness in panic disorder.},
  author={Anke Ehlers and Paula Breuer},
  journal={Journal of abnormal psychology},
  volume={101 3},
We investigated cardiac perception in panic disorder with both self-report and objective measures. In Study 1, 120 patients with panic disorder, 86 infrequent panickers, and 38 patients with other anxiety disorders reported greater cardiac and gastrointestinal awareness than 62 normal control subjects. Subjects with panic attacks reported greater cardiac awareness, but not gastrointestinal awareness, than those with other anxiety disorders. Studies 2 and 3 included a test of heart rate… CONTINUE READING

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