Incorporation of the biomarker concept in ecotoxicology calls for a redefinition of terms

@article{Gestel1996IncorporationOT,
  title={Incorporation of the biomarker concept in ecotoxicology calls for a redefinition of terms},
  author={C. V. Gestel and T. C. Brummelen},
  journal={Ecotoxicology},
  year={1996},
  volume={5},
  pages={217-225}
}
Biomarkers have received a lot of attention but the biomarker concept has not yet been defined properly. As a consequence, various interpretations of the term ‘biomarker’ exist, some of which overlap with well-established ecotoxicological concepts. To allow incorporation of the biomarker concept within the framework of modern ecotoxicology, a clarification of terms is needed. In this paper, definitions are presented for the terms ‘biomarker’, ‘bioindicator’ and ‘ecological indicator’, which do… Expand
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