Incorporation of the Whole Chromosomal DNA in Protoplast Lysates into Competent Cells of Bacillus subtilis

@article{Akamatsu2001IncorporationOT,
  title={Incorporation of the Whole Chromosomal DNA in Protoplast Lysates into Competent Cells of Bacillus subtilis},
  author={Takashi Akamatsu and Hisataka Taguchi},
  journal={Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry},
  year={2001},
  volume={65},
  pages={823 - 829}
}
Competent cells of Bacillus subtilis AC870 (purB, leuB, trpC, ald-1) were transformed to Ade+, Trp+, or Ade+ Trp+ with DNA in protoplast lysates of B. subtilis AC819 (hisH, tet-1, rpsL, smo-1). The contransfer ratio of purB to trpC was constant at 7-9% (Ade+ Trp+/Trp+) or 3% (Ade+ Trp+/Ade+) at protoplast concentrations of 2.7×103∼2.7×106 per ml. The whole chromosomal DNA must be certainly incorporated into competent cells from the following reasons; (1) purB is opposite to trpC on the… 

Fate of transforming bacterial genome following incorporation into competent cells of Bacillus subtilis: a continuous length of incorporated DNA.

The results strongly suggest that the length of continuous DNA incorporated into B. subtilis is most probably greater than 1271 kb, which is a working hypothesis on the mechanism of the transformation of competent B.subilis by DNA in protoplast lysates (LP transformation).

DNA taken into Bacillus subtilis competent cells by lysed-protoplast transformation is not ssDNA but dsDNA.

All of the observations strongly suggest that the incorporated DNA is dsDNA, and the transformation of competent B. subtilis by DNA in protoplast lysate is different from that by purified DNA taken up conventionally.

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Competent cell transformation with DNA obtained by the gentle lysis of protoplasts (LP transformation) was used to replace a large genomic region in this study. Discontinuity was detected in the

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