Inconsistencies in surface anatomy: The need for an evidence-based reappraisal.

  title={Inconsistencies in surface anatomy: The need for an evidence-based reappraisal.},
  author={Samuel J M Hale and S Ali Mirjalili and Mark David Stringer},
  journal={Clinical anatomy},
  volume={23 8},
Accurate surface anatomy is a key component of safe clinical practice. But how consistent are modern clinical and surface anatomy texts in their reporting of common surface anatomy landmarks? Thirteen popular texts in common use were analyzed in detail: one clinical and anatomical reference text; seven clinical anatomy texts; two surface anatomy texts; and three clinical examination texts. Content relating to surface anatomy was reviewed, summarized, and assessed for consistency. Four main… CONTINUE READING

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