Efficacy and safety of taxane monotherapy in advanced gastric cancer refractory to triplet chemotherapy with docetaxel, cisplatin, and S-1: a multicenter retrospective study
BACKGROUND Taxanes such as paclitaxel and docetaxel are commonly used for second- or third-line salvage systemic therapy for metastatic UC. Although trials have generally excluded previous exposure to taxanes when using a taxane in a salvage therapy trial, taxanes might not be completely cross-resistant. Hence, we aimed to study outcomes with docetaxel after previous paclitaxel and the reverse sequence, to identify the level of cross-resistance between these taxanes. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data from a randomized phase II trial that compared salvage therapy with docetaxel combined with either placebo or vandetanib for advanced UC were analyzed. Both arms were combined for analysis because no differences in any outcomes were observed. Data were also requested from institutions for patients who received paclitaxel after previous docetaxel treatment. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize patient and treatment characteristics and outcomes. The primary clinical end point of interest was overall survival (OS). RESULTS Of 148 patients who received docetaxel with either vandetanib or placebo, 21 had received previous paclitaxel treatment. No difference in OS, progression-free survival, or response rate was observed with docetaxel based on previous paclitaxel treatment after adjusting for known prognostic factors. Among the 8 patients who received paclitaxel after previous docetaxel treatment, partial response was observed in 1 patient (12.5%) and stable disease in 2 patients (25%). CONCLUSION Docetaxel treatment after previous paclitaxel treatment and the reverse sequence demonstrates activity in advanced UC. There is no strong evidence to disallow patients with previous exposure to a taxane to enroll in a clinical trial involving another taxane.