Incomplete Acquisition in Bilingualism: Re-examining the Age Factor

  title={Incomplete Acquisition in Bilingualism: Re-examining the Age Factor},
  author={Silvina A. Montrul},
Age effects have played a particularly prominent role in some theoretical perspectives on second language acquisition. This book takes an entirely new perspective on this issue by re-examining these theories in light of the existence of apparently similar non-native outcomes in adult heritage speakers who, unlike adult second language learners, acquired two or more languages in childhood. Despite having been exposed to their family language early in life, many of these speakers never fully… 

The Debate on Maturational Constraints in Bilingual Development: A Perspective from First-Language Attrition

A controversial topic in research on second-language acquisition is whether residual variability and optionality in high-proficiency late second-language (L2) learners is merely the outcome of

Cross-linguistic evidence for the nature of age effects in second language acquisition

ABSTRACT Few researchers would doubt that ultimate attainment in second language grammar is negatively correlated with age of acquisition, but considerable controversy remains about the nature of

Predictors of Language Dominance: An Integrated Analysis of First Language Attrition and Second Language Acquisition in Late Bilinguals

The present study explores language dominance in four migrant populations with an understanding of how extralinguistic factors contribute to the development of both languages and proposes an alternative method of analysing data, namely discriminant function analysis, based on a categorisation of the populations, to enhance understanding.

On L1 attrition and the linguistic system

One of the most puzzling observations for linguists is the difference between learning a language from birth and later in life: while all normally developing children can attain full native language

The theoretical significance of research on language attrition for understanding bilingualism

The most important and most controversial issue for bilingualism research is the question why children are better at language learning than adults: while all normally developing children reach fully

The acquisition of clitic pronouns by European Portuguese heritage speakers

For the last 30 years, a large body of research on bilingual language acquisition has studied bilingual speakers who acquire both languages in parallel from birth. These (simultaneous) bilinguals

Charting the route of bilingual development: Contributions from heritage speakers’ early acquisition

The study of early bilingual acquisition in heritage languages continues to be a valuable source of theoretical and empirical evidence for both general linguistic theory and acquisition theory. The

Language dominance in the previously acquired languages modulates rate of third language (L3) development over time: a longitudinal study

ABSTRACT This study examines the extent to which extra-linguistic factors such as language dominance, order of acquisition and language of instruction are deterministic for multilingual transfer

When Bilingualism is the Common Factor: Switch Reference at the Junction of Competence and Performance in Both Second Language and Heritage Language Performance

In this paper we take a closer look at the oft-touted divide between heritage language speakers and adult second language (L2) learners. Here, we explore whether some properties of language may

Cross-linguistic aspects in child L2 acquisition

Cross-linguistic effects in successive childhood bilingualism have received increased attention in the last few years. The goal of this special issue is to bring together studies that investigate



Second language acquisition and first language loss in adult early bilinguals: exploring some differences and similarities

This study compares the linguistic knowledge of adult second language (L2) learners, who learned the L2 after puberty, with the potentially ‘eroded’ first language (L1) grammars of adult early

Bilingual First Language Acquisition

Bilingual children's language development: an overview and research methods in BFLA and socializing environments and BLFA.

Pedagogical Implications of teaching Spanish to the Spanish - speaking in the United States

  • 1981

The teaching of Spanish to bilingual Spanish - speaking students : Outstanding issues and unanswered questions

  • 1997