Income is not enough: incorporating material hardship into models of income associations with parenting and child development.

@article{Gershoff2007IncomeIN,
  title={Income is not enough: incorporating material hardship into models of income associations with parenting and child development.},
  author={Elizabeth T Gershoff and John Lawrence Aber and C. Cybele Raver and Mary Clare Lennon},
  journal={Child development},
  year={2007},
  volume={78 1},
  pages={70-95}
}
Although research has clearly established that low family income has negative impacts on children's cognitive skills and social-emotional competence, less often is a family's experience of material hardship considered. Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (N=21,255), this study examined dual components of family income and material hardship along with parent mediators of stress, positive parenting, and investment as predictors of 6-year-old children's… CONTINUE READING
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