Income inequality and its driving forces in transitional countries: evidence from Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia

  title={Income inequality and its driving forces in transitional countries: evidence from Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia},
  author={Nazim Habibov},
  journal={Journal of Comparative Social Welfare},
  pages={209 - 221}
  • N. Habibov
  • Published 1 October 2012
  • Economics
  • Journal of Comparative Social Welfare
The purpose of this study is to measure and compare income inequality and its driving forces in the low-income countries of the Caucasus by drawing on micro-data from nationally representative household surveys in Armenia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan. Inequality in the region of the Caucasus is very high. The Gini coefficient for the regions as a whole reached 55%. Azerbaijan has the lowest income inequality, followed by Armenia and Georgia. Among predictors, graduate and postgraduate education has… 

Evaluating the Gender Wage Gap in Georgia, 2004–2011

This paper evaluates the gender wage gap among wage workers along the wage distribution in Georgia between 2004 and 2011, based on the recentered influence function (RIF) decomposition approach


This paper examines the evolution of inequality, poverty and welfare in the South Caucasian Asian states, using an aggregate index based on consumer durables available to the households. Instead of...

Do employers reward physical attractiveness in transition countries?

Curbing One’s Consumption and the Impoverishment Process: The Case of Western Asia

Abstract This chapter examines the impoverishment process in three South Caucasian states: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. It uses the concept of ‘order of curtailment’ of consumption expenditures

Looks matter: Attractiveness and employment in the former soviet union

The rigid soviet policy of full employment ensured employment for all able-bodied population. By removing this policy, the collapse of the system has made discrimination less costly. Has it also

Russian Language Skills and Employment in the Former Soviet Union

type="main" xml:id="ecot12075-abs-0001"> During the Soviet era, proficiency in the Russian language was often a ticket to attractive employment opportunities in the member republics. Does it still

Somewhat Separate and Unequal: Digital Divides, Social Networking Sites, and Capital-Enhancing Activities

As Internet use grows globally, the digital divide has shifted beyond concerns about access and adoption to more subtle questions of skill, usage, and capital, and to new venues such as social

The labor market return to academic fraud

Intergenerational objective and subjective mobility and attitudes towards income differences: evidence from transition societies

  • A. Gugushvili
  • Economics
    Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy
  • 2016
This article explores the association between intergenerational social mobility and attitudes towards income differences in post-socialist societies. I hypothesise that based on the psychological



Analysis of subjective wellbeing in low-income transitional countries: evidence from comparative national surveys in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia

Drawing on the comparative household surveys, this article examines subjective wellbeing in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, three low-income transitional countries located on the Caucasus. We found

The end of the rollercoaster? Growth, inequality and poverty in Central Asia and the Caucasus

This paper examines the impact of a decade of transition on living standards and welfare in Central Asia and the Caucasus. Following independence in 1991 all countries suffered a sharp decline in GDP

Social Assistance and the Challenges of Poverty and Inequality in Azerbaijan, a low-income country in transition

Although low-income countries in transition are facing the challenges of poverty and inequality, evidence on the performance of safety nets in these countries is scarce. This article uses micro-file

Self-perceived social stratification in low-income transitional countries: Examining the multi-country survey in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia

Purpose - Against a background of rising inequalities in transitional countries, the purpose of this study is to focus on the analysis of the self-perceived social stratification in the low-income

Understanding the over-time evolution of living standard determinants in transitional countries: evidence from Azerbaijan

Based on two household surveys, this article investigates the over-time evolution of the determinants of living standards in Azerbaijan during the transition from a centrally planned economy to a

Emerging Inequalities in Central and Eastern Europe

Market transitions are thought to inevitably produce spiraling inequality on the road to economic growth. This review provides an overview of research evaluating inequality in income and wages in

Explaining the Increase in Inequality During the Transition

The transition from planned to market economy has witnessed one of the biggest and fastest increases in inequality ever recorded. Onaverage, inequality in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union

Azerbaijan's Household Survey Data: Explaining Why Inequality is so Low

While the Azerbaijan household income and expenditure survey (HIES) data satisfy most empirical regularities expected in a typical household survey data, the inequality measures based on the data are

How and Why Determinants of Household Welfare Changed in Azerbaijan During the Transition

Drawing on two nationally representative surveys, this paper analyzes how and why determinants of household welfare changed in Azerbaijan during the transition in the period from 1995 to 2002.