Income , the Earned Income Tax Credit and Infant Health

  title={Income , the Earned Income Tax Credit and Infant Health},
  author={Hilary Williamson Hoynes and Doug Miller and David Sim{\'o}n and David. Simon},
This paper uses quasi-experimental variation from federal tax reform to evaluate the effect of the EITC on infant health outcomes. We find that the EITC reduces the incidence of low birth weight and increases mean birth weight: a $1,000 treatment-on-the-treated leads to a 2 to 3 percent decline in low birth weight. Our results suggest that the candidate mechanisms include more prenatal care and less negative health behaviors (smoking). Additionally, we find a shift from public to private… CONTINUE READING