Including CO2 implications of land occupation in LCAs—method and example for livestock products

  title={Including CO2 implications of land occupation in LCAs—method and example for livestock products},
  author={Kurt Schmidinger and Elke Stehfest},
  journal={The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment},
PurposeUntil recently, life cycle assessments (LCAs) have only addressed the direct greenhouse gas emissions along a process chain, but ignored the CO2 emissions of land-use. However, for agricultural products, these emissions can be substantial. Here, we present a new methodology for including the implications of land occupation for CO2 emissions to realistically reflect the consequences of consumers’ decisions.MethodIn principle, one can distinguish five different approaches of addressing the… 

Foregone carbon sequestration due to land occupation—the case of agro-bioenergy in Finland

PurposeAs proposed by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)-Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Life Cycle Initiative (Milà i Canals et al., Int J Life Cycle Assess

Mitigation of Multiple Environmental Footprints for China's Pig Production Using Different Land Use Strategies.

A proper combination of land use strategies is essential to alleviate land use changes and nutrient emissions without sacrificing food supply and a large reduction in GHG and Nr losses could be achieved simultaneously if combined strategies of intensive crop production, improved feed-protein utilization efficiency, and feeding co-products were implemented.

Assessing the edible city: Environmental implications of urban agriculture in the Northeast United States

Food consumption is an important contributor to a city’s environmental impacts (carbon emissions, land occupation, water use, etc.) Urban farming (UF) has been advocated as a means to increase urban

Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU)

Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use (AFOLU) is unique among the sectors considered in this volume, since the mitigation potential is derived from both an enhancement of removals of greenhouse

Impacts of land use change on the assessment of water use in grazing systems and interactions with carbon sequestration.

The impact of land use change (LUC) and water use was investigated using a a case study of beef production from grazing land. LUC from grassland to forest (afforestation) reduced greenhouse gas (GHG)

Climate impacts of land use in LCA - Elaboration of criteria for satisfactory methods

Introduction LCA is a widely used tool for assessing the environmental impacts of products. However, despite the large importance of land use for atmospheric CO2-levels there is still no consensus on



Key Elements in a Framework for Land Use Impact Assessment Within LCA (11 pp)

AbstractBackground, Aim and Scope Land use by agriculture, forestry, mining, house-building or industry leads to substantial impacts, particularly on biodiversity and on soil quality as a supplier of

Climatic impact of land use in LCA—carbon transfers between vegetation/soil and air

Background, aim, and scopeHuman use of land areas leads to impacts on nature in several ways. Within the framework of the UNEP/SETAC Life Cycle Initiative, it was stated that life cycle assessment

The assessment of environmental impacts caused by land use in the Life Cycle Assessment of forestry and forest products

Land Use Assessment involves evaluationof impacts on the biosphere caused by managerial land use actions including safeguard subjects as bioproductivity and biodiversity. This paper only deals with

Indirect Emissions from Biofuels: How Important?

Direct and indirect effects of possible land-use changes from an expanded global cellulosic bioenergy program on greenhouse gas emissions over the 21st century are examined using linked economic and terrestrial biogeochemistry models.

Greenhouse gas emissions from conventional, agri-environmental scheme, and organic Irish suckler-beef units.

  • J. CaseyN. Holden
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
    Journal of environmental quality
  • 2006
Results indicated that moving toward extensive production could reduce emissions per unit product and area but live weight production per hectare would be reduced.

Greenhouse gas emissions from biofuels' indirect land use change are uncertain but may be much greater than previously estimated.

Fuel policies that require narrow bounds around point estimates of life cycle GHG emissions are incompatible with current and anticipated modeling capabilities and alternative policies that address the risks associated with uncertainty are more likely to achieve GHG reductions.

Conference and workshop on modelling global land use implications in the environmental assessment of biofuels

Background, Aims and ScopeOn 4–5 June 2007, an international conference was held in Copenhagen. It provided an interdisciplinary forum where economists and geographers met with LCA experts to discuss