Incident ESRD among participants in a lead surveillance program.

  title={Incident ESRD among participants in a lead surveillance program.},
  author={Ritam Chowdhury and Lyndsey A Darrow and William Marvin McClellan and Stefanie Ebelt Sarnat and Kyle N. Steenland},
  journal={American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation},
  volume={64 1},
BACKGROUND Very high levels of lead can cause kidney failure; data about renal effects at lower levels are limited. STUDY DESIGN Cohort study, external (vs US population) and internal (by exposure level) comparisons. SETTINGS & PARTICIPANTS 58,307 men in an occupational surveillance system in 11 US states. PREDICTOR Blood lead levels. OUTCOME Incident end-stage renal disease determined by matching the cohort with the US Renal Data System (n=302). MEASUREMENTS Blood lead categories… CONTINUE READING