Incidence of venous and paradoxical air embolism in neurosurgical patients in the sitting position: detection by transesophageal echocardiography.

@article{Mammoto1998IncidenceOV,
  title={Incidence of venous and paradoxical air embolism in neurosurgical patients in the sitting position: detection by transesophageal echocardiography.},
  author={Tadanori Mammoto and Yukio Hayashi and Yoshihiko Ohnishi and Masakazu Kuro},
  journal={Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica},
  year={1998},
  volume={42 6},
  pages={643-7}
}
BACKGROUND Venous air embolism (VAE) and paradoxical air embolism (PAE) are serious complications associated with the sitting position for neurosurgery. Although PAE is the result of VAE, the incidence of PAE according to the severity of VAE has not been investigated systematically in humans. METHODS Twenty-one patients scheduled for neurosurgery in the sitting position were investigated prospectively. VAE and PAE were continuously monitored by cardiac two-dimensional 4-chamber view using… CONTINUE READING
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