Incidence of uncomplicated genital infections in women using oral contraception or an intrauterine device: a prospective study.

@article{Avonts1990IncidenceOU,
  title={Incidence of uncomplicated genital infections in women using oral contraception or an intrauterine device: a prospective study.},
  author={D. Avonts and M Sercu and P Heyerick and I Vandermeeren and Andr{\'e} Z Meheus and Peter K. Piot},
  journal={Sexually transmitted diseases},
  year={1990},
  volume={17 1},
  pages={23-9}
}
Over a period of 2 years, the authors prospectively followed a cohort of 123 women using an intrauterine device (IUD) and 108 women using oral contraception (OC) in one family practice. They found nine new episodes of cervical chlamydial infection in OC users (7/100 woman years (WY] as compared to 1 new episode in IUD users (0.8/100 WY), yielding a relative risk (RR) for OC users of 8.8 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.3-59.0). During the 24 months of observation, 15% of OC and 2% of IUD users… CONTINUE READING
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