Incidence of thyroid cancer surrounding three mile island nuclear facility: The 30‐year follow‐up

  title={Incidence of thyroid cancer surrounding three mile island nuclear facility: The 30‐year follow‐up},
  author={Roger J. Levin and Nicole F. Simone and Jaime F. Slotkin and Baker L. Henson},
  journal={The Laryngoscope},
Original data reported a potential increased incidence of thyroid cancer surrounding the Three Mile Island (TMI) nuclear facility. A causal link to the accident, however, was indeterminate. Our objective was to determine if data 30 years later will change original conclusions, explore thyroid cancer incidence rates near nuclear power plants, and better understand effects of chronic low level radiation. 

Altered molecular profile in thyroid cancers from patients affected by the Three Mile Island nuclear accident

Next generation sequencing (NGS) was used to identify molecular signatures of radiation‐induced TC in a cohort of TC patients residing near TMI during the time of the accident.

Rising Thyroid Cancer Incidence Proximate to a New York City-Area Nuclear Power Plant

Thyroid cancer incidence has risen steadily in the US for several decades. While any cause of this trend has yet to be clearly identified, most analyses have concluded that there are factors other

A geographical study of thyroid cancer incidence in north-west England following the Windscale nuclear reactor fire of 1957.

The results of this preliminary study are not consistent with an effect of exposure to iodine-131 from the Windscale accident, because significant overdispersion was present in the temporal distributions of the IRRs, and Poisson CIs substantially underestimate statistical uncertainties.

Increasing incidence of thyroid cancer in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

The incidence of thyroid cancer is rising at a faster rate in Pennsylvania than in the rest of the nation, as is the rate of tumors that are larger and higher stage at diagnosis, which suggests that rising disease burden has contributed to the increased incidence.

Cancer mortality around U.S. nuclear power plants

Abstract Introduction: There is concern about cancer risk from living near nuclear power plants (NPP). Different studies yield different results and this study seeks to add to the body of knowledge

American Thyroid Association Scientific Statement on the Use of Potassium Iodide Ingestion in a Nuclear Emergency.

The purpose is to provide a review and updated position statement regarding the advanced distribution, stockpiling, and availability of potassium iodide in the event of nuclear radiation emergencies in the United States.

Evaluating for a geospatial relationship between radon levels and thyroid Cancer in Pennsylvania

To determine whether there is an association between radon levels and the rise in incidence of thyroid cancer in Pennsylvania, data are analyzed to establish a cause-and-effect relationship.

The American Association of Endocrine Surgeons Guidelines for the Definitive Surgical Management of Thyroid Disease in Adults.

These clinical guidelines analyze the indications for thyroidectomy as well as its definitions, technique, morbidity, and outcomes and were created to assist clinicians in the optimal surgical management of thyroid disease.



Incidence of Thyroid Cancer in Residents Surrounding the Three Mile Island Nuclear Facility

Given the long latency period for the development of thyroid cancer after exposure to low‐level radiation exposure, it is plausible that an increase in thyroid cancer incidence might just now be occurring.

Thyroid cancer characteristics in the population surrounding three mile island

To determine differences in disease characteristics between the thyroid cancer populations in the area around the Three Mile Island (TMI) nuclear power plant and the rest of the state of Pennsylvania, a large number of patients were diagnosed with thyroid cancer.

Cancer incidence among residents of the Three Mile Island accident area: 1982-1995.

Cancer rates after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident and proximity of residence to the plant.

Interpretation in terms of accident stress is limited by the lack of an individual measure of stress and by uncertainty about whether stress has a biological effect on cancer in humans.

Thyroid cancer following nuclear tests in French Polynesia

The risk of thyroid cancer with increasing thyroid dose received before age of 15 years was higher in women who later experienced four or more pregnancies than among other women, and the release of information on exposure would greatly improve the reliability of the risk estimation.

Increasing world incidence of thyroid cancer: Increased detection or higher radiation exposure?

The likelihood of an impact of environmental risk factors other than radiation exposure on thyroid cancer, namely, greater radiation exposure or some other toxic exposure, is examined.

Latency Period of Thyroid Neoplasia After Radiation Exposure

The data document that malignant thyroid tumors after radiation exposure, including follicular carcinomas, present earlier than do benign thyroid tumors.

Clinical presentation and clinical outcomes in Chernobyl-related paediatric thyroid cancers: what do we know now? What can we expect in the future?

Geographic Variation in U.S. Thyroid Cancer Incidence and a Cluster Near Nuclear Reactors in New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania

  • J. Mangano
  • Medicine, Biology
    International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation
  • 2009
County-specific incidence data, available for the first time, document that most U.S. counties with the highest thyroid cancer incidence are in a contiguous area of eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and southern New York State, and exposures to radioactive iodine emissions from 16 nuclear power reactors within a 90-mile radius in this area indicate that these emissions are a likely etiological factor in rising thyroid cancer rates.

A Short Latency between Radiation Exposure from Nuclear Plants and Cancer in Young Children

  • J. Mangano
  • Medicine
    International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation
  • 2006
Cancer incidence in children under age ten living near New York and New Jersey nuclear plants increased 4–5 years after increases in average strontium-90 in baby teeth, and declined 4– 5 years after Sr-90 averages dropped.