Incidence of and risk factors for hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infection among haemodialysis and CAPD patients: evidence for environmental transmission.

@article{Neto1995IncidenceOA,
  title={Incidence of and risk factors for hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infection among haemodialysis and CAPD patients: evidence for environmental transmission.},
  author={Miguel Cendoroglo Neto and S{\'e}rgio Ant{\^o}nio Draibe and Ant{\^o}nio Eduardo Benedito Silva and Maria L Ferraz and Celso Franscisco Hernandes Granato and Cı́ntia A. J. Pereira and Ricardo C Sesso and Ana Maria Coimbra Gaspar and Horacio Ajzen},
  journal={Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association},
  year={1995},
  volume={10 2},
  pages={240-6}
}
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) serum markers (HBsAg, anti-HBs, anti-HBc) and antihepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV) were prospectively followed in haemodialysis and CAPD patients. From January 1987 to January 1990, 185 patients on haemodialysis and 124 on CAPD were analysed. Among patients susceptible to HBV (69 on haemodialysis and 70 on CAPD), there were 17 HBsAg seroconversions on haemodialysis (0.19/patient-year) and 1 on CAPD (0.01/patient-year). A Cox proportional hazards model showed that… CONTINUE READING