Incidence of Henoch-Schonlein purpura, Kawasaki disease, and rare vasculitides in children of different ethnic origins

  title={Incidence of Henoch-Schonlein purpura, Kawasaki disease, and rare vasculitides in children of different ethnic origins},
  author={Janet MM Gardner-Medwin and Pavla Dole{\vz}alov{\'a} and Carole Cummins and Taunton R. Southwood},
  journal={The Lancet},

The clinical spectrum of Henoch–Schönlein purpura in children: a single-center study

It is demonstrated that patients suffering intussusception, relapse, and serious GIS involvement or requiring hospitalization and steroid treatment had tendency to present with severe renal involvement and should be followed up carefully for not overlooking renal involvement of HSP.

Henoch–Schönlein purpura in children: an epidemiological study among Dutch paediatricians on incidence and diagnostic criteria

Considering the recent (2006) EULAR/PReS endorsed consensus criteria for the classification of childhood vasculitides, HSP should have been diagnosed in only 160 of the 179 patients of this study.

Age of onset as a risk factor of renal involvement in Henoch-Schönlein purpura

Renal involvement in children with HSP is more common in age group 11 to 15 years old than abdominal pain, while Gastrointestinal manifestations tend to manifest in patients less than 5 years old, while renal involvement tend to Manifest in ageGroup 11-15 years old.

Henoch-Schönlein Purpura: A Long-Term Prospective Study in Greek Children

Despite common relapses,Henoch-Schönlein purpura is benign in the long term even if severe renal involvement can occur during its active period, with arthritis being less common in the relapsed episodes.

MEFV gene variants in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura and association with clinical manifestations: a single-center Mediterranean experience

MEFV variants in exon 10 may affect clinical presentation of HSP in populations where FMF is common, and physicians should be aware of FMF possibility in children with intussusception and lower hemoglobin, higher serum IgA, leukocyte, and platelet count.

Kawasaki disease and Henoch Schonlein purpura: changing trends at a tertiary care hospital in north India (1993–2008)

Both the diseases exhibited a comparable seasonal trend in the distribution with a noticeable peak being discernible in the months of October and November, and KD has shown a rising trend over the recent years in the hospital.

Henoch-Schönlein purpura in north-eastern Turkey

HSP is generally benign and self-limiting, it seems to affect older children and there is a relatively lower incidence of renal manifestations, and Hypertension may be seen during the course of the disease without urinary findings.

Age Related Characteristics Of Children And Adolescent With Henoch Schönlein Purpura And Systems Involvement: An Experience From Tertiary Care Center.

Age related difference in presentation help us to anticipate more renal involvement in older children and adolescent likewise joint involvement is more commonly seen in younger children.

Henoch Schönlein Purpura / Ig A Vasculitis in Children and Risk Factors for Renal Involvement

Although IgA vasculitis is a self-limiting disease, renal involvement can cause serious complications and being older than 10 years of age and having high levels of erythrocyte sedimentation rate at the time of diagnosis could serve as a possible predictor of renal involvement.



Long term renal prognosis of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura in an unselected childhood population

The overall prognosis in this unselected population of patients presenting with Henoch-Schönlein Purpura is good with a mortality <1% overall and low long term morbidity of 1.1%.

The American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria for the classification of Henoch-Schönlein purpura.

Criteria for identifying Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (HSP) and distinguishing HSP from other forms of systemic arteritis were developed by comparing the manifestations in 85 patients who had HSP with

Epidemiology of Schönlein‐Henoch Purpura

  • H. Nielsen
  • Medicine
    Acta paediatrica Scandinavica
  • 1988
It is suggested that Schönlein‐Henoch purpura may be triggered by infection with several different microorganisms, but there is no evidence that a single one such as the streptococcus is the major offender.

Clusters or clustering of Henoch-Schönlein purpura.

  • H. E. Nielsen
  • Medicine
    American journal of diseases of children
  • 1990
The lack of clustering found in my study does not imply that clusters do not exist, but only that they do not occur more frequently than expected by chance.

Epidemiology of systemic vasculitis: a ten-year study in the United Kingdom.

In the study population, the annual incidence of PSV is slowly increasing with time and the incidence is greatest in the elderly, with an overall peak in the 65-74 age group.

Vasculitis in children

An overview of the vasculitides that PGIMER, Chandigarh has encountered alongwith a review of relevant literature is given.

Kawasaki disease in Sweden: incidence and clinical features

In most cases (91%) treatment had a prompt effect on fever and morbidity in general, and side effects were mild, and the risk of cardiac involvement is obvious and emphasizes the importance of early diagnosis and treatment.

The incidence of juvenile dermatomyositis: results from a nation-wide study.

The estimated incidence of juvenile dermatomyositis in the UK and Ireland in 1992 and 1993 was 1.9 per million children aged under 16 yr (95% confidence interval 1.4-2.6).

Lack of association between Kawasaki syndrome and Chlamydia pneumoniae infection: an investigation of a Kawasaki syndrome cluster in San Diego County.

Blood, urine and pharyngeal specimens from KS patients in San Diego County, CA, during a period of high KS incidence were analyzed and found no evidence that C. pneumoniae infection was associated with KS.

Diagnostic guidelines for Kawasaki disease.

Kawasaki disease, or mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, is a disease of unknown etiology that most frequently (80% of the time) affects infants and children under 5 years of age. Accurate diagnosis