[Incidence and causes of early end in awake surgery for language mapping not directly related to eloquence].

Abstract

The incidence and causes that may lead to an early end (unfinished cortical/subcortical mapping) of awake surgery for language mapping are little known. A study was conducted on 41 patients with brain glioma located in the language area that had awake surgery under conscious sedation. Surgery was ended early in 6 patients. The causes were: tonic-clonic seizure (1), lack of cooperation due to fatigue/sleep (4), whether or not word articulation was involved, a decreased level of consciousness for ammonia encephalopathy that required endotracheal intubation (1). There are causes that could be expected and in some cases avoided. Tumour size, preoperative aphasia, valproate treatment, and type of anaesthesia used are variables to consider to avoid failure in awake surgery for language mapping. With these results, the following measures are proposed: l) If the tumour is large, perform surgery in two times to avoid fatigue, 2) if patient has a preoperative aphasia, do not use sedation during surgery to ensure that sleepiness does not cause worse word articulation, 3) if the patient is on valproate treatment, it is necessary to rule out the pre-operative symptoms that are not due to ammonia encephalopathy.

DOI: 10.1016/j.neucir.2015.06.001

Cite this paper

@article{Villalba2016IncidenceAC, title={[Incidence and causes of early end in awake surgery for language mapping not directly related to eloquence].}, author={Gl{\`o}ria Villalba and Susana Pacreu and Juan Luis Fern{\'a}ndez-Candil and Alba Le{\'o}n and Laura Serrano and Gerardo Conesa}, journal={Neurocirugía}, year={2016}, volume={27 1}, pages={10-4} }