Inattentional blindness on the full-attention trial: Are we throwing out the baby with the bathwater?

  title={Inattentional blindness on the full-attention trial: Are we throwing out the baby with the bathwater?},
  author={Rebekah C White and Martin Davies and Anne M. Aimola Davies},
  journal={Consciousness and Cognition},
When attention is otherwise engaged, observers may experience inattentional blindness, failing to notice objects or events that are presented in plain sight. In an inattentional blindness experiment, an unexpectedstimulus ispresented alongside primary-task stimuli, and its detection is probed. We evaluate a criterion that is commonly used to exclude observers from the data analysis. On the final experimental trial, observers do not perform the primary task, but instead look for anything new… Expand
4 Citations
Distance is relative: Inattentional blindness critically depends on the breadth of the attentional focus
The results do neither support the account that spatial attention is tuned as a spotlight that includes relevant targets and everything in between nor an account of purely object-based attentional orientation, and speak in favor of an inhibitory area between two attended targets. Expand
Attention capture, processing speed, and inattentional blindness.
It is suggested that attention capture is unrelated to the noticing of an unexpected stimulus, but efficient encoding and recognition of a stimulus is an important factor. Expand
Dollars do not determine detection: Monetary value associated with unexpected objects does not affect the likelihood of inattentional blindness
It is speculated that artificial monetary value, which is known to affect attentional capture, is not strong enough to determine whether or not an object is consciously perceived. Expand


The attentional cost of inattentional blindness
It is suggested that an unexpected stimulus causes a state of alert that would normally generate an attentional shift; if this response is prevented by an attention-consuming task, a portion of the attentional resources remains allocated to the object. Expand
Minds on the blink: The relationship between inattentional blindness and attentional blink
It is found that “non-noticers” who failed to detect an unexpected stimulus in the IB task also demonstrated a larger AB effect, suggesting that some observers may be more generally susceptible to failures of conscious visual awareness, regardless of specific context. Expand
The effects of eye movements, age, and expertise on inattentional blindness
  • D. Memmert
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Consciousness and Cognition
  • 2006
In a first experiment, inattentional blindness was combined with eye tracking data from children and the expert-novice paradigm was used to show that the probability of seeing an unexpected object can be increased with specific previous experience. Expand
What you see is what you set: sustained inattentional blindness and the capture of awareness.
The authors conclude that many--but not all--aspects of attention capture apply to inattentional blindness but that these 2 classes of phenomena remain importantly distinct. Expand
The role of unattended distractors in sustained inattentional blindness
It is concluded that attending to target items on the basis of attentional set, but not active ignoring of nontargets items, is sufficient for the occurrence of sustained inattentional blindness. Expand
Does semantic preactivation reduce inattentional blindness?
The failure to consciously perceive unexpected objects was not moderated by semantic preactivation of the objects’ most prominent feature: its color, reflecting the rather general principle that preactivations that are not motivationally relevant for one’s current selection goals do not suffice to make an unexpected object overcome the threshold of awareness. Expand
Inattentional Blindness and Individual Differences in Cognitive Abilities
The results are largely consistent with the notion that noticing unexpected objects is driven more by stochastic processes common to all people than by stable individual differences in cognitive abilities. Expand
The effects of individual differences and task difficulty on inattentional blindness
It is suggested that although the demands of the primary task do affect inattentional blindness rates, individual differences in the ability to meet those demands do not. Expand
Attention set for number: expectation and perceptual load in inattentional blindness.
These experiments provide compelling evidence that expectations do affect detection of an unexpected stimulus, and are the first to demonstrate that individuals set their attention for the number of items to be detected and are vulnerable to inattentional blindness whenever their primary-task numerical expectation is fulfilled. Expand
Animacy, perceptual load, and inattentional blindness
The effects of animacy and perceptual load on inattentional blindness are examined and the results are consistent with the animate-monitoring hypothesis, which suggests that animate objects capture attention because of the importance of the detection of animate objects in ancestral hunter–gatherer environments. Expand