Inattentional Blindness

@article{Mack2003InattentionalB,
  title={Inattentional Blindness},
  author={A. Mack},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  year={2003},
  volume={12},
  pages={180 - 184}
}
  • A. Mack
  • Published 2003
  • Psychology
  • Current Directions in Psychological Science
Surprising as it may seem, research shows that we rarely see what we are looking at unless our attention is directed to it. This phenomenon can have serious life-and-death consequences. Although the inextricable link between perceiving and attending was noted long ago by Aristotle, this phenomenon, now called inattentional blindness (IB), only recently has been named and carefully studied. Among the many questions that have been raised about IB are questions about the fate of the clearly… Expand
Inattentional Blindness: Perception or Memory and What Does It Matter?
An extensive research program surrounding a phenomenon called inattentional blindness is reported by Mack and Rock (1998) in their book of the same name. The general conclusion that is drawn from theExpand
Blinded by irrelevance: pure irrelevance induced "blindness".
TLDR
The results are a first demonstration of blindness when mental resources are clearly available and challenge attentional theories predicting strong selection only when resources are taxed. Expand
The attentional cost of inattentional blindness
TLDR
It is suggested that an unexpected stimulus causes a state of alert that would normally generate an attentional shift; if this response is prevented by an attention-consuming task, a portion of the attentional resources remains allocated to the object. Expand
Inattentional Blindness : A Failure of the Visual System ?
Inattentional blindness, the act of failing to notice clearly visible, salient objects in one’s environment when engaged in a task is of great interest due to both its commonality and its overallExpand
The Penny Drops: Change Blindness at Fixation
TLDR
It is demonstrated that participants fail to detect a change in identity of a coin during a magic trick even though eyetracking indicates that the coin is tracked by the eyes throughout the trick, which suggests that during naturalistic viewing, attention can be focused on an object at fixation without including all of its features. Expand
How Meaning Shapes Seeing
TLDR
The results showed that an unexpected stimulus belonging to the attended semantic category but not sharing physical features with the attended stimuli was detected more often than a semantically unrelated stimulus, implying that the semantic relation between the observer's attentional set and the unexpected stimulus plays a crucial role in inattentional blindness. Expand
Misdirected by the gap: The relationship between inattentional blindness and attentional misdirection
TLDR
Here it is considered not to be misdirected by subtle differences between particular instances of each phenomenon, at the expense of failing to detect the opportunities that these phenomena present for extending the authors' understanding of attention and awareness. Expand
What’s “inattentional” about inattentional blindness?
  • S. Most
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Consciousness and Cognition
  • 2010
TLDR
This commentary argues that, rather than reflecting a complete dissociation between IB and attentional misdirection, this difference highlights potential grounds for delineating mechanistically distinct forms of IB: spatial inattentional blindness, which stems from the covert misallocation of spatial attention. Expand
Perceptual illusions in brief visual presentations
TLDR
This work presents a classical partial-report paradigm now modified to include unexpected items in the unreported parts of the stimuli, and proposes that the feeling of seeing emerges from the interplay between partially accessible information and expectations. Expand
An Eye-Tracking Approach to Inattentional Blindness
Inattentional blindness, the act of failing to notice clearly visible, salient objects in one's environment when engaged in a task, is of great interest due to both its commonality and its overallExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 34 REFERENCES
Inattentional blindness versus inattentional amnesia for fixated but ignored words.
TLDR
Functional imaging is used to demonstrate true inattentional blindness for words and show that visual recognition wholly depends on attention even for highly familiar and meaningful stimuli at the center of gaze. Expand
What we see: Inattention and the capture of attention by meaning
TLDR
Three experiments are described which explore whether these stimuli have a unique capacity to capture and extend the limits of attention under conditions in which this has been deemed highly unlikely. Expand
Gorillas in Our Midst: Sustained Inattentional Blindness for Dynamic Events
TLDR
A new study builds on classic studies of divided visual attention to examine inattentional blindness for complex objects and events in dynamic scenes and suggests that the likelihood of noticing an unexpected object depends on the similarity of that object to other objects in the display and on how difficult the priming monitoring task is. Expand
Perception without attention: Evidence of grouping under conditions of inattention.
Many theories of visual perception assume that before attention is allocated within a scene, visual information is parsed according to the Gestalt principles of organization. This assumption has beenExpand
Inattentional Amnesia
Imagine that you are on the street and someone pulls you aside to ask you directions. You begin to engage this person in conversation. For mysterious reasons, in the middle of this conversation,Expand
How not to be Seen: The Contribution of Similarity and Selective Ignoring to Sustained Inattentional Blindness
TLDR
A new approach to the study of sustained inattentional blindness for dynamic events is presented in order to explore the roles of similarity, distinctiveness, and attentional set in the detection of unexpected objects. Expand
Neglect
  • R. Rafal
  • Medicine
  • Current Opinion in Neurobiology
  • 1994
TLDR
It appears that perceptual processing may be intact up to the level of semantic classification, and that neglect only acts at thelevel of selection for action and access to awareness. Expand
Change Blindness
People often fail to notice large changes to visual scenes, a phenomenon now known as change blindness. The extent of change blindness in visual perception suggests limits on our capacity to encode,Expand
Current Approaches to Change Blindness
Across saccades, blinks, blank screens, movie cuts, and other interruptions, observers fail to detect substantial changes to the visual details of objects and scenes. This inability to spot changesExpand
Are eyes special? It depends on how you look at it
TLDR
Test data provide important insight into the nature of the representations of directional stimuli involved in reflexive attentional orienting, and show that nonpredictive eyes and arrows are not subserved by the same brain systems. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...